Europe continent by convention is one of the world’s seven continents. It is the world’s second-smallest continent when measured as per the surface area and comprises of westernmost parts of Eurasia. Though, it is the second-smallest continent, Europe still covers a large part of Eurasia and has been one of the most favorite tourism locations in the world. Europe continent is the birthplace of western culture where ancient Greece ruled and the seeds of colonialism were sowed and gradually were scattered into different parts of the world. Today, Europe continent is third on the list when it comes to population, right behind Asia and Africa which are the leading populous continents.
There are around 50 states in Europe approximately and among these states, Russia is the largest state when it comes to area and population and Vatican City is among the smallest state in Europe. In the 16th and the 17th century, it was Europe that was the centre of the globe and European nations like United Kingdom ruled and controlled large areas of Asia, Africa, Oceania and the Americas. However, the dominance of Europe slowed down after the two World Wars that happened in Europe and countries like United States of America and Soviet Union took the lead.
The history of Europe continent dates back to around 1.8 million years ago when earliest hominid used to live in Europe and the remains of hominid were found in Spain. And they gradually migrated from one place to the other on Europe continent in search of food and shelter. You will find a long history of European Bronze Age and Iron Age when colonization began and gave birth to early Mediterranean cities.
Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome had great impact on human civilization and western culture. Greece and Rome together contributed many cultural values, philosophy, and rationalism. It was here in Europe that science was born, and dramatic verses turned into poems giving birth to European literature. Europe continent further witnessed developments in the field of law, architecture, government policies, engineering and languages that spread around the world. And after several years of persecution, Christianity was legitimized in Europe by Constantine I.
Today, European Union covers large portion of Europe continent and has undergone expansion to cover a majority of European states. With Euro being adopted as their official currency, the trade markets in Europe have really made its impact on world market.