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European Languages List

European Languages

European Languages

Following is a European languages list. Europe is a continent of many different languages, cultures and sceneries – and this variation is of course partly what makes it so fascinating and enjoyable to visit and why so many people enjoy going there on holiday. However at the same time it can also make things difficult if you don’t know what the local customs are, or which language they speak – and this can be particularly challenging for travelers going between multiple European countries. Here is a European languages list to help you know which lingo to use no matter where you are in Europe.


European Languages List

Albania    Albanian (Shqip, Tosk (Toskë) is the official dialect)
Andorra    Catalan
Austria    German, Slovene (official in Carinthia), Croatian and Hungarian (official in Burgenland)
Belarus    Belarusian, Russian
Belgium    Dutch 60%, French 40%, German less than 1%
Bosnia & Herzegovina    Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
Bulgaria    Bulgarian
Croatia    Croatian (hrvatski)
Cyprus    Greek, Turkish, English
Czech Republic    Czech (cestina)
Denmark    Danish (dansk)
Estonia    Estonian (eesti keel)
Faroe Islands    Faroese, Danish
Finland    Finnish (suomi) 93.4%, Swedish 5.9%
France    French (français)
Germany    German (Deutsch)
Gibraltar    English
Greece    Greek (elliniká, the Koine-Demotic version)
Greenland    Greenlandic Inuktitut (Kalaallisut), Danish
Hungary    Hungarian (magyar)
Iceland    Icelandic
Ireland    Irish (Gaeilge), English (generally used),
Italy    Italian (italiano)
Latvia    Latvian (latviesu valoda)
Liechtenstein    German
Lithuania    Lithuanian (lietuviu kalba)
Luxembourg    Luxembourgish (LÎtzebuergesch, the everyday spoken language), French (administrative language), German (administrative language)
Macedonia, Rep. of    Macedonian 68%, Albanian 25%
Malta    Maltese (Malti)
Moldova    Moldovan (virtually the same as the Romanian language),
Monaco    French
Montenegro    Serbo-Croatian (Ijekavian dialect – official)
Netherlands    Dutch (Nederlands, official language), Frisian (official language)
Norway    Norwegian (nynorsk and bokmal)
Poland    Polish (polski)
Portugal    Portuguese (português)
Romania    Romanian (romana)
Russian Federation    Russian
San Marino    Italian
Serbia    Serbian 95%, Albanian 5%
Slovakia    Slovak (slovensky jazyk)
Slovenia    Slovenian (slovenski jezik)
Spain    Spanish (español – the Castilian version) 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%
Sweden    Swedish (svenska)
Switzerland    German 63.7%, French 19.2%, Italian 7.6%, Romansch 0.6%
Turkey    Turkish (türkçe)
Ukraine    Ukrainian
United Kingdom    English
Vatican City State    Latin, Italian

European Languages List

European Languages List

23 Comments so far

  1. Bill Chapman   July 14, 2011 3:37 am

    This list is far too simple. In the United Kingdom, most people do indeed speak English, but Welsh is widely spoken where I live, in north Wales, and then there is Gaelic in the north of Scotland. There’s no mention of Breton which is spoken in the west of Brittany.

    Finally, some people see Esperanto as a European language. It has sp[eakersd scattered all over this map and beyond, but there is no Esperantoland.

  2. Brian Barker   July 14, 2011 4:01 am

    Because Esperanto is a Europe-wide language (as well as worldwide! ) it cannot be included in this list.

    However I think it is important to note that the “Universala Esperanto-Asocio” enjoys consultative relations with the Council of Europe. See also where Esperanto is in active use.

  3. Radoslav   July 14, 2011 9:28 am

    From this European languages list I would like very much to learn German. I’ve started a few months ago without a teacher but I haven’t learned too much. Although it is one of my favorite European languages, it is little hard to learn on yourself. I guess I need a teacher. This way it will be much easier for me.

  4. Welma   July 15, 2011 3:54 am

    German is indeed one of the hardest European languages to learn. For me, it was impossible to learn. I too started to learn it, but last year. I needed it at that time, but eventually I gave up. It is one of the most matted European languages.

  5. Oleg   July 15, 2011 7:35 am

    From this European languages list I know only English and Russian. Russian is my native language. English I learned because it is an international language.
    Other European languages I would like to know are French and Italy. These two are alike, no?

  6. Valentina   July 22, 2011 4:47 am

    My favorite language from this European languages list is Italian. In my opinion it is one of the most beautiful European languages. It is melodious and harmonious. Thanks to these characteristics it is an easy language to learn. I would like to know it.

  7. Oreste   July 23, 2011 2:09 am

    Is this European languages list complete? I want to know all about European languages.
    Sincerely, there are some European languages I’ve never heard about. For example: Maltese and Slovak. I hadn’t heard about these languages before.

  8. Michelle   August 10, 2011 7:49 am

    Wow, thank you so much! I was really curious about a european languages list. I wanted to know what language is spoken in some countries. Now I do!

    It’s a funny thing that in Switzerland, there are 4 spoken languages. Must be confusing heh.

  9. Valey   August 10, 2011 7:57 am

    Most of the languages in the european languages list are easy to remember. For instance, of course Bulgarian is spoken in Bulgaria. And Romanian is the official language in Romania etc. But it is difficult regarding the countries where they use other languages than their own. Thanks for the european languages list!

  10. Ermina   August 14, 2011 4:22 am

    This European languages list is really big. I didn’t know there where so many European languages. Almost every country has its own language. It is impressive discovering this. This European languages list article made me learning something new, thanks.

  11. Alia   August 14, 2011 5:07 am

    English doesn’t belong only to European languages list. It is also the official language for the United States. I know there exist a variety of English spoken in US. There is American English and the Canadian English and together they make up a group of dialects called the North American English. So, English shouldn’t be part only of the European languages list.

  12. Fares   August 14, 2011 10:37 am

    I would really love to know all these European languages. It fascinates me learning new things. And knowing many European languages makes you feel smart too. Maybe someday you’ll be in front of a situation from where you can escape only if you how to speak…Turkish for example. Haha, I should really start learning Turkish.

  13. Pamfilo   August 14, 2011 2:41 pm

    Knowing more than one European language is an advantage. Even if you have the possibility when you are traveling to a foreign country to use English, there are still people who don’t know it. Maybe they just can’t learn it or they don’t have the possibility. Anyway, it would be much better if you know that language of the country you are traveling to. So, every language on this European languages list if very important and deserves to be learned.

  14. Gregorio   August 20, 2011 9:08 am

    This European languages list is indeed huge. I counted the European languages and they are approximately 50. I didn’t know they were so many. I would like to know all of them. But I think it is almost impossible for a person to learn all these European languages.

  15. Cicini   August 21, 2011 3:25 am

    I know only 2 European languages from this list. My native language which is Italian and English. But, I would really love to learn French. It is one of my favorite European languages. I really think to get a teacher from September and het started.

  16. Ferdoo   August 21, 2011 6:33 am

    From this list of European languages I know only English. I was born in UK. What a luck huh?
    I didn’t know that in Gibraltar is also spoken English. They speak one of the most important European languages.

  17. Carahlo   August 21, 2011 4:35 pm

    I didn’t know that in Malta is spoken Maltese. This is one of the European languages I’ve never heard about before. Other European languages which were unknown to me before are Moldovan and Icelandic. The second one doesn’t even sound ok. Anyway, interesting article. Congrats!

  18. Bella   August 25, 2011 11:10 am

    Wow I never knew that there were so many languages in Europe. I would love to learn how to speak a few. I think that Europeans sound so neat when they talk. I may have to make that my goal for next year!

  19. Ralu   September 1, 2011 2:55 pm

    If you ask me which one of these European languages I would like to learn I will answer you that German is the one. I think it is the most beautiful. But I know that it is also one of the hardest European languages. Even so, I would really like to start learning it. But maybe when I will have more free time…

  20. Titu   September 18, 2011 12:48 pm

    Kinda big European languages list huh? I know only English from this list. And I wouldn’t like to learn any other European languages. English is enough to manage everywhere in the world. So why bother to learn other European languages?

  21. Grill   September 18, 2011 1:16 pm

    From this European languages list, Italian is the most beautiful. I’m from Germany and my language is ugly. I simply don’t like it. I would love to learn Italian. German and Italian are so different European languages.

  22. Genea   October 23, 2011 4:11 pm

    I do not have a favorite European language. But if you ask me which one is the most important for me I will ask English for sure. French is important too and it is one of the most beautiful European languages. I would love to learn it. Maybe in the future, when I will have more free time.

  23. Adrian   March 27, 2012 3:21 am

    In Croatia and in Slovenia they also speak italian. Italian is co-official in the Istria County and in Slovenian Istria.

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